MICRO-ALGA SPIRULINA FOR REDUCING MALNUTRITION
Spirulina can save the lives of a great number of malnourished people, affected by food emergencies
Spirulina is very indicated for fortifying the meals of both adults and children, who recover in a very short time
Photo: Child recovered with Spirulina
Many Countries wish to attain completely the objectives of the World Food Summit, but the progress accomplished by now is almost insufficient because agricultural produce is still limited by climatic, meteorological, social end economical problems.
It is subsequently necessary to understand that the use of cultivations with a hyper-protein productivity represents a potentiality of great interest.
We speak about the Use of Food Micro-Algae (above all Spirulina Platensis), which make the object of the following Declarations:
- The UN World Food Conference of 1974, which affirms the great value of algal biomasses (among all of Spirulina),as the best food for tomorrow,
-the declarations of the Chinese and the Indian Science and Technology Commissions for the diffusion of food micro-algae,
-The Free Agreement for Co-operation in Scientific Research and humanitarian use of micro-alga Spirulina as food.
Food Micro-alga Spirulina is capable of a production of 50 tons of proteins per hectare per year and it means 250 -265 times more than beef proteins, 230 times more than rice and 30 times more than soja, consuming 50 times less water than cattle.
This great productivity should be put in relationship with the fact that food micro-algae, mixed with cereals, are conceived to be of great help to the poorest of the poor (children, refugees, victims of food emergencies) and they can represent a "humanitarian food", to be produced in Specialized Centres funded by the International Community and distributed freely to indigent people and to victims of food urgencies.
Food Micro algae can also represent a means through which reinforcing food stability and security in Southern Countries but, above all, they can represent a means to rehabilitate highly malnourished men or children, saving hundreds of thousands of people a year from an horrible death and inhuman sufferances.
This is exactly what happens in Viet-Nam, in Ho-chi Min City, where an humanitarian Spirulina productive Centre gives food to 380 thousands marasmic children a year, offering life and hope to them.
Even adult people, if indigent and under-nourished , can benefit of the nutritive effects of Spirulina : thanks to a content of 70 per cent of proteins, 15 vitamins ( with the highest content of beta-carotene, plus B and P groups vitamins) 11 mineral salts (among which calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium), pigments and essential fatty acids, this micro alga can represent a real life source for indigent people, famine victims and for all those people suffering for high malnutrition.
In addition to that, Spirulina enhances the lactation by under-lactating mothers and strengthens the immuniser defences, helping to stop viruses, bacteria and other pathogens which attack human system.
At Harward Medical School, it has been demonstrated that Spirulina is capable to stop AIDS viral penetration in human pheripherical blood cells. These are in fact the results of the studies of Kozlenko, Ayehunie, Hayashi and other researchers at Harward Medical School which have proven that a polymerized sugar molecule (polysaccharide) of Spirulina -named Calcium Spirulan- has effectively stopped the HIV-1 Viral penetration into human cells a fact which will open new horizons on the prevention of AIDS transmission from mother to child)
If used in aquaculture Spirulina can nourish Artemia Salina, a small crustacean (zooplankton) which is the food basis for many species of fishes, doubling fishery production.
By the end, Spirulina also diminishes the effects of global warming (sierra effect), attaining Kyoto Protocols- because it digest much more Carbon Dioxide (CO2) than any other absorbent.
It was Spirulina, in fact, with other ancient micro-algae to fill our atmosphere of oxygen during a long process of 3.5 millions year ago, date of its appearance on Earth).
For all this reasons a number of Nations already have signed the cisri Establishing Agreement, registered with the United Nations Secretariat, According with Article 102 of the UN Charter, at number 37542 of the United Nations Treaty Series and which sets up this present Intergovernmental Institution for the Use of Micro-Alga Spirulina against malnutrition.
The Agreement has the goal to produce micro-algae biomass addressed to malnourished and victims of famine, draught and food emergencies. The global project is to build ten productive Centres for humanitarian purposes, where the algal biomass so obtained and mixed with cereals will be freely distributed by the Institution, to indigent people and to victims of humanitarian urgencies.
Ten Centres, of ten hectares each, can produce yearly over 360 Millions of Spirulina doses (10 grams per doses, to be mixed with cereals flour), which can recuperate and save the lives of over 6 millions people a year.